The major cause of playground injury is falling from playground equipment, with fractures and sprains the most common injuries from playgrounds. This guideline has been developed to assist schools to improve safety for the students who use the playgrounds and play equipment.

Common playground hazards

  • Inadequate safe fall zone – the area beneath and around playground equipment where a child might land if they fall.  The size of the fall zone can depend on the height of the equipment and its use
  • Poorly maintained equipment
  • Height of the equipment
  • Raised surfaces without guardrails – such as platforms, ramps and bridges should have guardrails and barriers to prevent falls 
  • Surfacing of playground areas – areas beneath and around playground equipment where there is a potential of a fall requires impact absorbing material
  • Trip hazards
  • Areas of entrapment – equipment should be built and installed in a way so that a child’s head, neck, limbs or fingers cannot become trapped
  • Sharp edges
  • Equipment is located within 2.5 metres of buildings, fences or trees
  • No close access to phones or radios in the event of an emergency

Strategies to reduce the risk of injuries on playgrounds

  • Ensure that new playground equipment meets Australian Standards
  • Install soft fill material (e.g. tan bark) that is at least 250mm deep in the general play area, or 300mm deep under high use areas
  • Ensure that any soft fill material is maintained and inspected on a regular basis (e.g. raked frequently)
  • Create and maintain clear fall zones around equipment where a child can fall without hitting objects such as fences, seating, pathways and trees
  • Depth of soft fall should be checked frequently to ensure surfacing has not displaced significantly, especially in areas under fall zones
  • Ensure that any synthetic surface (and its installation) is maintained and meets Australian Standards
  • Install different equipment for students of different ages
  • Ensure that playground equipment rails and barriers are vertical so they cannot be used as footholds for climbing
  • Instruct staff and students in the safe use of playgrounds and equipment
  • Provide adequate supervision to prevent injuries by ensuring students use playground equipment properly and don’t engage in unsafe behaviour
  • Design playgrounds to allow visualisation of students throughout the playground area, with visual barriers minimised as much as possible
  • Painted surfaces should be maintained to prevent flaking paint, corrosion and deterioration
  • Ensure all tyres used as playground equipment do not collect water and debris
  • Ensure that any concrete footings for the playground equipment are at least 20cm below ground level and covered over
  • Conduct regular inspections, repairs and maintenance of playground equipment and surroundings
  • Inspect all playground areas and equipment for excessive wear, deterioration and any potential hazards
  • Develop a comprehensive maintenance program for each playground area
  • Ensure all repairs and replacements of equipment parts are completed following the manufacturer’s instructions
  • Ensure records of all maintenance, inspections and repairs are retained, including any checklists used.

Suggested playground inspection schedule

Inspection Frequency Designated Person Task
Daily Teachers on yard duty Visual inspection of all equipment for obvious hazards
Weekly Maintenance staff Inspection and maintenance of equipment components (including bolts, nail heads, raking of soft fall and sandpits)
Each Term Principal and workplace Health and Safety Representative (if available) Thorough inspection of all playground equipment
Annual - or as per the manufacturers recommendations Structural/Playground expert Formal review of the structural elements of the play equipment/shade sails


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